Ethiopia

Members of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces stand in formation during a ceremony in Baidoa, Somalia, to mark the inclusion of Ethiopia into the African Union peace keeping mission in the country on January 22. AU UN IST PHOTO / Tobin Jones

Ethiopia has all the ingredients of a volatile tinder box waiting to spark a major regional conflagration. Its neighbors are supported by opposing world powers, including China, USA, Russia and Iran. Accordingly, Ethiopia’s continued state of inner conflicts has the propensity to drag in its neighbors and cause a wider conflict. 

LATEST BREAKING NEWS “Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch (HRW) accuse officials and security forces from neighboring Amhara of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity in western Tigray – allegations dismissed by Amhara’s regional government.”

Relations between the federal government and the Tigray regional government deteriorated after the election, and on 4 November 2020, Abiy began a military offensive in the Tigray Region in response to attacks on army units stationed there, causing thousands of refugees to flee to neighbouring Sudan and triggering the Tigray War. According to local media, up to 500 civilians may have been killed in a massacre in the town of Mai Kadra on 9 November 2020. In April 2021, Eritrea confirmed its troops are fighting in Ethiopia

Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea and Djibouti to the north, Somalia to the east and northeast, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. Ethiopia has a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi). It is home to 117 million inhabitants and is the 12th-most populous country in the world and the 2nd-most populous in Africa after Nigeria. The national capital and largest city, Addis Ababa, lies several kilometres west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African and Somali tectonic plates.

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