Where Europe's Jews Live.

European Report

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A man wanted by French police is detained in Gloucestershire in connection with the drownings. [...]

Chornobaivka has earned its status as one of the most important battlefields of the war. [...]

Residents say they are already struggling to cope with soaring energy prices and inflation. [...]

Mattia Binotto has resigned and will leave his position as Ferrari team principal at the end of the year. [...]

Three people are being treated for dehydration after the 11-day voyage from Lagos in Nigeria. [...]

Europe's Jews

The Jewish Diaspora Story


European Jewish Communities

The history of the Jews in Europe spans a period of over two thousand years. Some Jews, a Judaean tribe from the Levant, migrated to Europe just before the rise of the Roman Empire. A notable early event in the history of the Jews in the Roman Empire was Pompey’s conquest of Judea beginning in 63 BCE, although Alexandrian Jews had migrated to Rome before this event.

The pre-World War II Jewish population of Europe is estimated to have been close to 9 million, or 57% of Jews worldwide. Around 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, which was followed by the emigration of much of the surviving population.

The Jewish population of Europe in 2010 was estimated to be approximately 1.4 million (0.2% of European population) or 10% of the world’s Jewish population. In the 21st century, France has the largest Jewish population in Europe, followed by the United Kingdom, Germany, Russia and Ukraine.